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  1. by

    • KK[baɪ]
    • DJ[bai]

    美式

    • prep.
      被,由;靠,用,透過
    • adv.
      經過;過去;在旁邊
    • 釋義
    • 同反義

    介系詞

    • 1. 被,由 The homework was assigned by the teacher. 這些家庭作業是老師布置的。
    • 2. 靠,用,透過 They crossed the river by ferry. 他們乘渡船過了河。
    • 3. 經由;沿 Ellen flew to Chicago by way of Minneapolis. 艾倫經由明尼阿波利斯飛往芝加哥。
    • 4. 在……旁邊,靠近;在……手邊 I haven't got any money by me. 我身邊沒有帶錢。
    • 5. 不遲於;在……之前 We had to get there by evening. 我們必須在夜晚前抵達那裡。
    • 6. 根據,按照 How do you know he didn't act by the rules? 你怎麼知道他沒有按規定行事的?
    • 7. (表程度)相差 He missed the bus by three minutes. 他晚了三分鐘沒趕上那班公車。
    • 8. 憑,對……(發誓) I swear by God! 我對上帝發誓!
    • 9. (乘除法上)以……,用……(乘或除) Nine divided by three makes three. 九除以三得三。
    • 10. 以……計,按 You'll be paid by the hour. 你的薪資將按時計酬。
    • 11. 在……的時候 He had to sleep by day and work by night. 他只好白天睡覺,晚上工作。
    • 12. 就……來說,關於 Philip is a doctor by profession. 菲力浦的職業是醫生。
    • 13. (表連續或反覆)逐個;逐批 The teacher explained the text sentence by sentence. 教師逐句講解了這篇課文。
    • 14. 由於 She took my umbrella by mistake. 她誤拿了我的傘。

    副詞

    • 1. 經過;過去 A truck went by. 一輛卡車開過。
    • 2. 在旁邊 When I filled out the form she was standing by all the time. 我填寫表格時,她一直站在我身旁。
    • 3. (放)在一邊 They put money by for later use. 他們儲存錢以備將來使用。
    • 4. 【美】【口】到(或進入)某人的家 Please come by and have dinner with us. 請到我家來一起吃晚飯。

    同義詞

    prep. 在……旁邊,靠近