- make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size；become smaller or less in size, amount, or degree
verb: reduce, 3rd person present: reduces, gerund or present participle: reducing, past tense: reduced, past participle: reduced
- 1. make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size the need for businesses to reduce costs the workforce has been reduced to some 6,100 同義詞 反義詞
- ▪ become smaller or less in size, amount, or degree the number of priority homeless cases has reduced slightly
- ▪ boil (a sauce or other liquid) in cooking so that it becomes thicker and more concentrated increase the heat and reduce the liquid
- ▪ North American (of a person) lose weight, typically by dieting by May she had reduced to 9 stone
- ▪ make (a negative or print) less dense.
- ▪ articulate (a speech sound) in a way requiring less muscular effort, giving rise in vowels to a more central articulatory position.
- 2. bring someone or something to (a worse or less desirable state or condition) she has been reduced to near poverty the church was reduced to rubble 同義詞
- ▪ be forced by difficult circumstances into doing something desperate ordinary soldiers are reduced to begging
- ▪ make someone helpless with (shock, anguish, or amusement) Olga was reduced to stunned silence
- ▪ force someone into (obedience or submission) he reduced his grandees to due obedience 同義詞
- 3. change a substance to (a different or more basic form) it is difficult to understand how lava could have been reduced to dust
- ▪ present a problem or subject in (a simplified form) he reduces unimaginable statistics to manageable proportions
- ▪ convert a fraction to (the form with the lowest terms).
- 4. cause to combine chemically with hydrogen hydrogen for reducing the carbon dioxide
- ▪ undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are gained from another substance or molecule this compound reduces to potassium chloride the arsenic is reduced to the trivalent condition
- 5. restore (a dislocated part of the body) to its proper position by manipulation or surgery Joe's reducing a dislocated thumb
- 6. archaic besiege and capture (a town or fortress).