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  1. scratch

    • IPA[skraCH]

    美式

    • v.
      score or mark the surface of (something) with a sharp or pointed object;make a long, narrow superficial wound in the skin of
    • n.
      a mark or wound made by scratching;a slight or insignificant wound or injury
    • adj.
      assembled or made from whatever is available, and so unlikely to be of the highest quality;(of a sports competitor or event) with no handicap given
    • verb: scratch, 3rd person present: scratches, gerund or present participle: scratching, past tense: scratched, past participle: scratched

    • noun: scratch, plural noun: scratches

    • 釋義
    • 片語

    動詞

    • 1. score or mark the surface of (something) with a sharp or pointed object the car's paintwork was battered and scratched he scratched at a stain on his jacket 同義詞 score, abrade, scrape, roughen, scuff (up), ... 更多
    • make a long, narrow superficial wound in the skin of her arms were scratched by the thorns I scratched myself on the tree 同義詞 graze, scrape, abrade, rasp, skin, ... 更多
    • rub (a part of one's body) with one's fingernails to relieve itching Jessica lifted her sunglasses and scratched her nose 同義詞 rub, claw (at), scrape, tear at
    • make (a mark or hole) by scoring a surface with a sharp or pointed object I found two names scratched on one of the windowpanes
    • write (something) hurriedly or awkwardly pass me my writing things—I'll scratch a few letters before I get up
    • remove (something) from something else by pulling a sharp implement over it he scratched away the plaster
    • make a rasping or grating noise by scraping something over a hard surface the dog scratched to be let in
    • (of a bird or mammal, especially a chicken) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food the hens cannot do anything that comes naturally to them, such as scratch around
    • accomplish (something) with great effort or difficulty he scratches out a living growing strawberries
    • 2. cancel or strike out (writing) with a pen or pencil the name of Dr. McNab was scratched out and that of Dr. Daniels substituted 同義詞 cross out, strike out, score out, delete, erase, ... 更多
    • withdraw (a competitor) from a competition Oswald's Zephyr was the second horse to be scratched from a race today 同義詞 withdraw, pull out (of), back out (of), bow out (of), stand down, ... 更多
    • (of a competitor) withdraw from a competition due to a knee injury she was forced to scratch from the race
    • cancel or abandon (an undertaking or project) the original filming schedule has been scratched
    • 3. play a record using the scratch technique. he raps and scratches simultaneously to dazzling effect

    名詞

    • 1. a mark or wound made by scratching the scratches on her arm were throbbing scratch marks on the door 同義詞 score, mark, line, abrasion, scrape, ... 更多
    • informal a slight or insignificant wound or injury it's nothing—just a scratch 同義詞 graze, scrape, abrasion, cut, laceration, ... 更多
    • an act or spell of scratching oneself to relieve itching he gave his scalp a good scratch
    • a rasping or grating noise produced by something rubbing against a hard surface the scratch of a match lighting a cigarette
    • a rough hiss, caused by the friction of the stylus in the groove, heard when a record is played.
    • 2. a technique, used especially in rap music, of stopping a record by hand and moving it back and forth to give a rhythmic scratching effect a scratch mix
    • 3. the starting point in a handicap for a competitor receiving no odds a 631-meters handicap, when the excellent stayer, Too Fast, will be off scratch
    • a handicap of zero, indicating that a player is good enough to achieve par on a course he plays off scratch in University golf
    • 4. informal money he was working to get some scratch together

    形容詞

    • 1. assembled or made from whatever is available, and so unlikely to be of the highest quality at least two vessels set sail with scratch crews
    • 2. (of a sports competitor or event) with no handicap given he was a scratch player at many courses